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The Moral Machine experiment paper

To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million decisions in ten languages from millions of people in 233 countries and territories. Here we describe the results of this experiment To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million decisions in ten languages from millions of people in 233 countries and territories. Here we describe the results of this experiment. First, we summarize global moral preferences. Second, we document individual variations in preferences, based on respondents' demographics. Third, we report cross. The experiments were randomized and the investigators were blinded to allocation during experiments and outcome assessment.The Moral Machine website was designed to collect data on the moral acceptability of decisions made by autonomous vehicles in situations of unavoidable accidents, in which they must decide who is spared and who is sacrificed. The Moral Machine was deployed in June 2016. In October 2016, a feature was added that offered users the option to fill a survey about their. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million..

The Moral Machine reexamined: Forced-choice testing does

The Moral Machine Experiment. Nature 563, no. 7729 (2018): 59-64. Download Citation. BibTex; Tagged; XML; Publisher's Version. Last updated on 01/14/2019. Research Topics. Publication Type . Papers Under Review & Draft Manuscripts. See draft manuscripts and papers. Welcome to the Moral Machine! A platform for gathering a human perspective on moral decisions made by machine intelligence, such as self-driving cars. We show you moral dilemmas, where a driverless car must choose the lesser of two evils, such as killing two passengers or five pedestrians Was stimmt nicht mit dem Moral Machine Experiment? Was für ein Aufwand. Dabei hätte doch ein einfacher Blick in die Straßenverkehrsordnung genügt: Ein Auto darf überhaupt niemanden (und nichts) totfahren. Jeder Fahrschüler lernt hoffentlich in der ersten Stunde, dass er das Fahrzeug so zu führen hat, dass er es jederzeit unter Kontrolle hat. Bei Glätte oder schlechter Sicht gilt es, langsamer zu fahren. Sind die Bremsen kaputt, sollte man gar nicht fahren! Das, und nichts anderes. Awad, E., S. Dsouza, R. Kim, J. Schulz, J. Henrich, A. Shariff, J. F. Bonnefon, and I. Rahwan. The Moral Machine Experiment. Nature 563, no. 7729 (2018): 59-64

The Moral Machine experiment — MIT Media La

Here we report the findings of the Moral Machine experiment, focusing on four levels of analysis, and considering for each level of analysis how the Moral Machine results can trace our path to universal machine ethics. First, what are the relative importances of the nine preferences we explored on the platform, whe The Moral Machine experiment. Nature ( IF 42.778 ) Pub Date : 2018-11-01 , DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0637-6. Edmond Awad,Sohan Dsouza,Richard Kim,Jonathan Schulz,Joseph Henrich,Azim Shariff,Jean-François Bonnefon,Iyad Rahwan. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the. This project contains data and code used to reproduce figures and tables for the The Moral Machine Experiment paper Hosted on the Open Science Framewor THE MORAL MACHINE EXPERIMENT. A group of researchers decided to have a global conversation about these moral dilemmas. They accomplished this by creating an experiment they called the Moral Machine. This was an online platform that presented scenarios that involved prioritizing the lives of some people over the lives of others based on things like gender, age, perceived social status and things of that nature. It gathered over 40 million decisions from 233 different countries and.

In essence, then, the Moral Machine project seeks to crowdsource guidelines for the programming of autonomous vehicles. Users are presented with ap-proximately 13 scenarios, and asked to choose one of two outcomes in each. The scenarios have the avor of the trolley problem, the philosophical thought experiment in which one must choose whether to allow a runaway trolley t With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the major challenge of quantifying societal expectations about the ethical principles that should guide machine behaviour. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machi The Moral Machine experiment Nature. 2018 Nov;563(7729):59-64. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0637. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million. In 2014 researchers at the MIT Media Lab designed an experiment called Moral Machine. The idea was to create a game-like platform that would crowdsource people's decisions on how self-driving cars..

The link to the paper can be found here, and the abstract is included below. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the major challenge of quantifying societal expectations about the ethical principles that should guide machine behaviour. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online. Many recent studies have been proposing, discussing and investigating moral decisions in scenarios of imminent accident involving Autonomous Vehicles (AV). Those studies investigate people's expectations about the best decisions the AVs should make when some life needs to be sacrificed to save other ones. A recent research found those preferences have strong ties to the respondents' cultural traits. The present position paper questions the importance and the real value of.

To conduct the survey, the researchers designed what they call Moral Machine, a multilingual online game in which participants could state their preferences concerning a series of dilemmas that autonomous vehicles might face. For instance: If it comes right down it, should autonomous vehicles spare the lives of law-abiding bystanders, or, alternately, law-breaking pedestrians who might be jaywalking? (Most people in the survey opted for the former. Global Patterns in Moral Trade-offs Observed in the Moral Machine Experiment Dilemma situations involving the choice of which human life to save in the case of unavoidable accidents are expected to arise only rarely in the context of autonomous vehicles. Nonetheless, the. A pair of researchers at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is challenging the findings of the team that published a paper called The Moral Machine experiment two years ago. Yochanan Bigman and Kurt Gray claim the results of the experiment were flawed because they did not allow test-takers the option of choosing to treat potential victims equally

On June 23rd, 2016, we deployed Moral Machine. The website was intended to be a mere companion survey to a paper being published that day. Thirty minutes later, it crashed. For the next two days, we had to deal with a problem that we were both grateful and stressed to have, scrambling to make this website serve a demand far greater than expected Similar Papers Volume Content Graphics Metrics Export Citation NASA/ADS. The Moral Machine experiment To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million decisions in ten languages from millions of people in 233 countries and territories. Here we. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million decisions in ten languages from millions of people in 233 countries and territories. Here we describe the results of this experiment. First, we summarize global moral preferences. Second, we document individual variations in preferences, based on respondents' demographics. Third, we report cross.

  1. To address this challenge, we deployed the Moral Machine, an online experimental platform designed to explore the moral dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. This platform gathered 40 million decisions in ten languages from millions of people in 233 countries and territories. Here we describe the results of this experiment. We discuss how preferences can contribute to developing global.
  2. The Moral Machine experiment - CORE Reade
  3. The studies are designed to replicate the Moral Machine experiment, an online experimental platform that explored moral preferences in visual illustrations of the moral dilemmas faced by.
  4. sponsible for the vehicles' actions - in all situations. This paper studies two factors that shape societal expec-tations about the ethical principles and should guide machine behaviour. Results show how people's perso-nal perspectives and decision-making modes, besides situational factors, affect their moral decisions in AV dilemmas

[PDF] The Moral Machine experiment Semantic Schola

  1. Huang, Bert I., Law's Halo and the Moral Machine (December 23, 2019). Columbia Law Review, Vol. 119, No. 7, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3508903. Bert I. Huang (Contact Author) Columbia Law School ( email ) 435 West 116th Street. New York, NY 10025. United States
  2. Die Frage stammt aus dem Experiment Moral Machine. Man kann es online beliebig oft durchgehen, insgesamt stehen jeweils 13 solcher Szenarien zur Auswahl. Hinter dem Projekt steckt da
  3. Mit angestoßen hat die Debatte der Wissenschaftler Iyad Rahwan mit seiner Moral Machine, der bisher umfassendsten Studie zu Maschinenethik. Sie stellt den Nutzer vor grundlegende Moralfragen
  4. In a 2014 paper published in the Social and Personality Psychology Compass, He believes that Nozick's experience machine thought experiment definitively disproves hedonism. In a 2018 article published in Psychological Review, researchers pointed out that, as measures of utilitarian decisions, sacrificial dilemmas such as the trolley problem measure only one facet of proto-utilitarian.
  5. experience machine. 2. However, we would not want plug-in. 3. Hence, there are things which matter to us besides pleasure. The problem with Bentham's view is that it does not make sense of our considered moral beliefs.2 Any good normative theory of value should make sense of the views we hold. However, Bentham's views don't appear to do that
Why the Moral Machine is a Monster | We Robot 2019

Awad and colleagues, in their now famous paper The Moral Machine Experiment, used a multilingual online 'serious game' for collecting large-scale data on how citizens would want AVs to solve moral dilemmas in the context of unavoidable accidents. Awad and colleagues undoubtedly collected an impressive and philosophically useful data set of armchair intuitions. However, we argue. The Moral Machine experiment. Posted on Oct 24, 2018 in Buses, Cars, Knowledge Center, Reports, Trucks. MIT, October 24, 2018 . With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the major challenge of quantifying societal expectations about the ethical principles that should guide machine behaviour. https://www.nature.com. This is a thought experiment proposed by philosopher Robert Nozick in order to refute the philosophy of ethical hedonism. Hedonism suggests that the only thing that matters is human pleasure, and that the only goal should be to maximize pleasure. If hedonism is legit, said Nozick, then everyone would immediately elect to plug into the experience machine. But Nozick thinks most people wouldn't do it, and to him, this proves that there are things humans value more than their own pleasure. Nature (London), 2018-11, Vol.563 (7729), p.59-64. Share Share. Titl The Moral Machine experiment. Back to Resources . Sign Up For Updates. First Name * Last Name * Email * State *.

(PDF) The Moral Machine experiment Amilcar Gröschel, Jr

The Moral Machine is an internet-based serious game exploring the many-dimensional ethical dilemmas faced by autonomous vehicles. The game enabled a gathering of 40 million decisions from 3 million people in 200 countries/territories. This session will focus on the various preferences estimated from this data, and document interpersonal differences in the strength of these preferences A new paper published today by MIT probes public thought on these questions, collating data from an online quiz launched in 2016 named the Moral Machine 'Moral machine' experiment is no basis for policymaking . By Barry Dewitt, Baruch Fischhoff and Nils-Eric Sahlin. Cite . BibTex ; Full citation; Topics: Medical Ethics, Human behaviour, Technology . Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC' Year: 2019. DOI identifier: 10.1038/d41586-019-00766-x. OAI identifier: oai:lup.lub.lu.se:8cb270bf-46c9-4a21-a7fa-f097e7a2e45c Provided by. While the creators of the Moral Machine say they want to take the discussion further on how machines should make decisions when faced with moral dilemmas, it is actually (spoiler alert) an experiment. At the end of the test you're told, in fine print, that it was all part of a research study on ethics of autonomous machines, conducted as a data collection survey, and that test. The blue social bookmark and publication sharing system

In this episode Anika Kuchukova, an undergraduate at Duke Kunshan University, and I interview Azim Shariff, an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of British Columbia, on the Moral Mac... - Lytt til Azim Shariff: The Moral Machine Experiment and Autonomous Vehicles fra Philosophy Un(phil)tered direkte på mobilen din, surfetavlen eller nettleseren - ingen nedlastinger nødvendig Autonomous machines like robots and self-driving cars should serve human beings. But what should they do in situations when they can't serve everyone? To find an answer to that question we should stop discussing moral thought experiments. Instead, we need to start collecting data and creating dialogue. A self-driving car faces an unavoidable crash. It only has two options: It can either drive straight and kill an innocent pedestrian, or swerve and crash into a wall, killing its passenger.

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The Moral Machine experiment - DSpace@MIT Hom

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The Moral Machine Experiment Joe Henric

Another frequent objection: Self-driving cars definitely don't have the data or training today to make the kind of complex tradeoffs that people are considering in the Moral Machine experiment The Moral Machine paper is out! October 25, 2018 Iyad Rahwan Our analysis of 40 million decisions about the ethics of autonomous vehicles has now been published in Nature The Moral Machine did not use one-to-one scenarios. Instead, the experiment emulated what could be a real-life scenario, such as a group of bystanders or a parent and child on the road erence of European artists for moral rights protection is an epiphenomenon of the fact that European legal systems protect these rights. The paper proceeds as follows. Section 2 provides the relevant background and presents our hypotheses. Section 3 discusses the design of our field experiment, while Section 4 describes our data collection.

As autonomous machines, such as automated vehicles (AVs) and robots, become pervasive in society, they will inevitably face moral dilemmas where they must make decisions that risk injuring humans. However, prior research has framed these dilemmas in starkly simple terms, i.e., framing decisions as life and death and neglecting the influence of risk of injury to the involved parties on the outcome The Moral Machine experiment https:// www. nature.com / articles/ s41586-018-0637-6 With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the major challenge of quantifying societal expectations about the ethical principles that should guide machine behaviour

The Moral Machine experiment - NASA/AD

We welcome a diverse set of methodological approaches to studying moral courage, and particularly encourage submission of papers that employ behavioral measures in the lab and the field or retrospective reports of own behavior (e.g., ambulatory assessment). We first and foremost seek submission of papers that present experimental data but natural or quasi-experimental approaches may be. Two experiments employing different experimental manipulations to invoke relatively more intuitive moral decision-making were conducted-time pressure and cognitive load. In both experiments subjects were randomly allocated to different experimental treatments. The experiments were run in three different countries as a between-subjects design. The total number of subjects was 1,413 (Sweden n.

The Moral Machine Experiment. 25th October 2018 Global Gamers Happy With Robots Choosing Who Lives in Car Crash. A survey has found video gamers are generally comfortable with an autonomous vehicle deciding who to swerve towards if a collision becomes unavoidable. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)'s... Greg Hyde. 0. OEM Spotlight . 16th March 2021 VW Spells Out its EV Ambitions. Accordingly, we investigate the machine question by studying whether virtue or vice can be attributed to artificial intelligence; that is, are people willing to judge machines as possessing moral character? An experiment describes situations where either human or AI agents engage in virtuous or vicious behavior and experiment participants then judge their level of virtue or vice. The. Dana, Jason , Weber, Roberto A. , and Kuang, Jason Xi (2005), Exploiting Moral Wiggle Room: Experiments Demonstrating an Illusory Preference for Fairness, working paper, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Google Schola

Moral Machine

This paper argues against the moral Turing test (MTT) as a framework for evaluating the moral performance of autonomous systems. Though the term has been carefully introduced, considered, and cautioned about in previous discussions (Allen et al. in J Exp Theor Artif Intell 12(3):251-261, 2000; Allen and Wallach 2009), it has lingered on as a touchstone for developing computational approaches. and moral hazard: Evidence from a natural experiment Livia Chițu No 1880 / January 2016 . Note: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the European Central Bank (ECB). The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the ECB . Abstract . This paper assesses whether reserve accumulation can be international inflationary.

worth (moral cleansing). Our paper provides further evidence on this phenomenon of moral self-regulation in a dynamic context. We analyze data from an economic experiment where subjects play a sequence of 16 dictator games, each with a different randomly chosen recipient (anonymity conditions). All the games have the same structure and they are framed. Besides a blind (baseline) game, we use. So similar trade-offs as participants make in the black-and-white scenarios of the Moral Machine experiment emerge at the statistical level -- something we call the statistical trolley problem. This research may shed light on moral trade-offs that autonomous machines may have to make in other areas. One example is robot caregivers, who may have to resolve some different moral trade-offs.

„Moral Machine Experiment - Kind oder Greis: Es ist die

As long as machines are subordinate to humans, the computational power of machines might even lead people to prefer a machine/human team to a human without a machine—demonstrating some value to machines within the moral domain. We tested this idea in the medical domain using the same medical scenario as in past studies. Participants (N = 100, 64% female; age Edmond Awad, Sohan Dsouza, Richard Kim, Jonathan Schulz, Joseph Henrich, Azim Shariff, Jean-François Bonnefon, and Iyad Rahwan, The Moral Machine experiment. Download Citation | On Oct 25, 2018, Alexander Bolano published Moral Machine Experiment: Large-Scale Study Reveals Regional Differences In Ethical Preferences For Self-Driving Cars | Find, read. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence have come concerns about how machines will make moral decisions, and the major challenge of quantifying societal exp. 首页 订阅 学科 排行榜 华人库 科技资讯 开放数据 必读论文. 科研动态. 立即登录. 学术主页 个人账号. 科研动态 我的关注 论文收藏. The Moral Machine experiment. 收藏. Edmond.

The Moral Machine Experiment Culture, Cognition, and

Once you've made your way through 13 of these binaristic scenarios, Moral Machine presents you with an explanation of how you stack up against the average visitor. I, for example, discovered. An Ethical Analysis of the Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment, although very fascinating and revealing of human nature, raises ethical questions regarding the methods used by Zimbardo and his research team. Although it is important from a research standpoint to be able to conduct experiments that will provide real, unmolested data, there must be a line that defines when.

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

The Moral Machine experiment

The Moral High Ground: An Experimental Study of Spectator Impartiality. James Konow () . MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany. Abstract: This paper proposes and tests an empirical model of impartiality, inspired by Adam Smith (1759), that is based on the moral judgments of informed third parties (or spectators). The model predicts that spectatorship produces properties widely. Each prisoner, still blindfolded and still in a state of mild shock over the surprise arrest by the city police, is put into a car of one of our men and driven to the Stanford County Jail for further processing. Sound 3: Warden Jaffe's greeting :42 Sound 4: Law a.nd order music. ·59 The Experience Machine: Imagine a machine that could give you any experience (or sequence of experiences) you might desire. When connected to this experience machine, you can have the experience of writing a great poem or bring about world peace or loving someone and being loved in return. You can experience the felt pleasures of these things, how they feel from the inside. You can program your experiences forthe rest of your life. If your imagination is impoverished, you can use.

My favorite scientific papers of 2018

OSF Moral Machine

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts 2013 The human fax machine experiment Brogan Bunt University of Wollongong, brogan@uow.edu.au Lucas Ihlein University of Wollongong, lucasi@uow.edu.au Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. For further information contact the UOW Library: research-pubs. The main experiment conducted by Milgram (1963) was designed to test the level of naive subjects' obedience to authority. The subjects were told that the experiment tested the potency of punishment in improving learning capabilities, and were asked to administer electrical shocks to a learner (an accomplice of the experimenter). The subject did not know the shocks were false; measures were taken to convince the subject that the shocks were real. The learner was given. Mensch, Moral, Maschine Digitale Ethik, Algorithmen und künstliche Intelligenz Wie wollen wir leben? 4 Wo stehen wir? 6 Wie sollen wir entscheiden? 9 Sollen Algorithmen darüber bestimmen dürfen, wer einen Job, einen Kredit oder gar eine Gefängnisstrafe bekommt? 10 Soll es eine Pflicht zum Einsatz von künstlicher Intelligenz in der Medizin geben In this paper, we use the staggered timing of state-level naloxone access laws as a natural experiment to measure the effects of broadening access to this lifesaving drug. We find that broadened access led to more opioid-related emergency room visits and more opioid-related theft, with no reduction in opioid-related mortality. These effects are driven by urban areas and vary with local access to substance abuse treatment. We find the most detrimental effects in the Midwest.

THE MORAL MACHINE EXPERIMENT - Artificial Intelligence Mani

As machines become faster, more intelligent, and more powerful, the need to endow them with a sense of morality becomes more and more urgent In most cases, one specific statistical test from each paper was selected for replication, but four papers had multiple effects replicated. In RPP and EERP, each experiment was replicated once. In the Many Labs projects all participating labs replicated every experiment and the final results were calculated from the pooled data. A total of 144 effects were studied (100 RPP experiments, 16 from ML1, 10 from ML3, 18 from EERP). After dropping observations with missing values, our. Robot ethicsMorals and the machine. Morals and the machine. As robots grow more autonomous, society needs to develop rules to manage them. Leaders Jun 2nd 2012 edition. IN THE classic science. 24]). In this paper we describe how deep Q-networks (e.g [25]) may be applied to this problem of nding equilibria of SSDs. Figure 2: Venn diagram showing the relationship between Markov games, repeated matrix games, MGSDs, and SSDs. A repeated matrix game is an MGSD when it satis es the social dilemma inequal-ities (eqs. 1 { 4). A Markov game with jSj>1 i Stanley Milgram's shock experiments are arguably the most famous in the history of psychology. Especially relevant is experiment five, where a participant had to give a test to an innocent person in another room, and turn up a dial with increasingly greater shocks for each wrong answer. At 270 volts, the test taker demanded to be released from the test and was making agonizing screams. At higher levels the pleas became desperate and hysterical. Nevertheless, under pressure from.

The features of a compare and contrast essay include

Machines make decisions that have moral impacts. Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen tell an anecdote in their book Moral Machines (2008). One of the authors left on a vacation and when he arrived overseas his credit card stopped working, perplexed, he called the bank and learned that an automatic anti-theft program had decided that there was. Nevertheless, the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment is one of those where the above-mentioned principles were completely ignored. The study started in 1929 when USPHS investigated the high incidence of syphilis in the rural areas of the South of the USA and possibilities for its mass treatment (Baker, Brawley, & Marks, 2005). The disease was associated with race. For this reason, Tuskegee was. The Economics of Moral Hazard: Comment When uncertainty is present in economic activity, insurance is commonly found. Indeed, Kenneth Arrow [1] has identified a kind of market failure with the absence of markets to provide insurance against some uncertain events. Arrow stated that the welfare case for insurance of all sorts is over-whelming. It follows that the government should undertake. What follows are seven creepy experiments—thought experiments, really—that show how contemporary science might advance if it were to toss away the moral compass that guides it. Don't try these. Paper Using experimental game theory to transit human values to ethical AI Knowing the reflection of game theory and ethics, we develop a mathematical representation to bridge the gap between the concepts in moral philosophy (e.g., Kantian and Utilitarian) and AI ethics industry technology standard (e.g., IEEE P7000 standard series for Ethical AI)

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